Types of containers for international shipping sea

Perhaps the most popular and safe type of cargo transportation today is sea container transportation. They are extremely in demand, because they allow you to deliver goods, including oversized and bulky, bulk and liquid, over long distances, and even in those places where there is no possibility of land transportation. Also important is the fact that this type of delivery is carried out by a large volume of commercial products, in the optimal time, and can largely save finances. In addition, this type of transportation is also beneficial in that the unloading of goods can be carried out not only upon arrival of the vessel at the port, but also as close as possible to the immediate destination. As such, the plant, shop or warehouse of the enterprise can act.

Features of classification of containers in the carriage of goods by sea

Carrying out the transportation of goods, the carrier should know that there are types that are not subject to transportation, because it is prohibited. Depending on the specifics of the commodity products allowed for transportation, containers are distinguished:

general cargo – for ordinary dry goods transported in packaging and bulk (have rigid walls, floor and roof, doors for easy loading and unloading, perfectly protect the goods from the weather);
specific cargo – for special loads (can not be loaded through the door, they are often used as ventilation shafts).

The second type of containers has its own subspecies:

enclosed ventilated container – closed, outwardly similar to those that are intended for ordinary goods, but have forced ventilation, are used for goods that can deteriorate under the influence of high humidity;
open top – with an open top (without a roof, can have a tarpaulin or metal-plastic awning, loaded through the top, used for transportation of cars or machines, glass, bulky things);
flat Rack – open platform with corner fittings for fixing the container or cargo (cars, lumber);
refrigerators – have good thermal insulation, are used for perishable goods (meat, fish, fruit, vegetables);
tank-tanks – for transportation of liquid cargo, food and non-food (milk, juices, petroleum products, liquefied gas, chemicals).

There are also containers designed to transport a particular product, for example, cars, birds or cattle.

Container Specification

Container sizes are standardized. From the traditional 20-foot and 40 foot containers, up to "high cube" containers, which are a foot higher and therefore roomier. Recently the market has appeared on "pallet wide" containers that are wider and they can be placed next to the two Euro pallets. Capacity in terms of the largest container is 45 feet long containers to increase the width and Displacement. This group is also a model with a sliding side edge of the size and the ease of loading in terms similar to the lorry.

20' X8'6" Standard Dry Van

Container can be loaded with cargo 11 Europallets.
External container dimensions:
- Length 6096 mm
- Width 2438 mm
- Height 2591 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 5900 mm
- Width 2350 mm
- Height 2350 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2286 mm
Other parameters:
2200 kg container
Load capacity 21,760 kg
Volume of 32.58 cbm

40' Dry Van

Container can be loaded with cargo 25 Europallets.
External container dimensions:
- Length 12 192 mm
- Width 2438 mm
- Height 2591 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 12 090 mm
- Width 2350 mm
- Height 2350 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2387 mm
Other parameters:
4200 kg container
Load capacity 26,750 kg
Volume of 66.77 cbm

40' X9'6" High Cube Container

Compared with the 40 'X8'6 "Standard container is higher and the spacious.
External container dimensions:
- Length 12 192 mm
- Width 2438 mm
- Height 2890 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 12 090 mm
- Width 2350 mm
- Height 2680 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2580 mm
Other parameters:
4500 kg container
Load capacity 26,550 kg
Volume of 76.14 cbm

40' X9'6" High Cube Palletwide

Container with a greater height and area, allowing the insert 30 palette and to increase the volume of cargo being loaded up to 79 cbm.
External container dimensions:
- Length 12 192 mm
- Width 2500 mm
- Height 2896 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 12 095 mm
- Width 2440 mm
- Height 2680 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2410 mm
- Height 2585 mm
Other parameters:
4500 kg container
28000 kg payload
Volume of 79.09 cbm

45' High Cube Palletwide

Container can load 33 Europallets, which is just as much as a standard tent trailer.
External container dimensions:
- Length 13 716 mm
- Width 2500 mm
- Height 2890 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 13 556 mm
- Width 2444 mm
- Height 2695 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2416 mm
- Height 2585 mm
Other parameters:
4700 kg container
Load capacity 29,270 kg
Volume of 92 cbm

20' Open Top

Container for heavy or bulky cargo loading from the top.
External container dimensions:
- Length 6096 mm
- Width 2438 mm
- Height 2591 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 5893 mm
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2311 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2261 mm
Other parameters:
2250 kg container
Load capacity 17,237 kg
Volume 31,8 cbm

40' Open top

Container for heavy or bulky cargo loading from the top.
External container dimensions:
- Length 12 192 mm
- Width 2438 mm
- Height 2591 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 12 040 mm
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2184 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2337 mm
- Height 2286 mm
Other parameters:
4550 kg container
Load capacity 19,958 kg
Volume of 61.5 cbm

20 'и 40' Flat Rack

Containers are designed for oversized cargos.

40' Refrigerated

Container for goods transport at a given temperature, that can be locked within a radius of plus 25 to minus 25 degrees Celsius.
External container dimensions:
- Length 12 192 mm
- Width 2438 mm
- Height 2591 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 11 600 mm
- Width 2290 mm
- Height 2520 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2286 mm
- Height 2540 mm
Other parameters:
4500 kg container
32000 kg payload
Volume of 67 cbm

45 'High Cube Refrigerated

Container for goods transport at a given temperature, that can be locked within a radius of plus 25 to minus 25 degrees Celsius.
External container dimensions:
- Length 13 716 mm
- Width 2556 mm
- Height 2896 mm
Internal container dimensions:
- Length 13 174 mm
- Width 2441 mm
- Height 2583 mm
Door opening:
- Width 2441 mm
- Height 2550 mm
Other parameters:
6200 kg container
Load capacity 27,850 kg
Volume of 83.10 cbm